Many countries around the world have comprehensive minimum-income programs in place for able-bodied vulnerable groups. They take the form either of a last-resort safety net combined with primary income replacement benefits, or of an instrument for the reduction of poverty and social exclusion. Economic growth has contributed to raising people's quality of life, but it does not resolve all social problems. Despite greater prosperity, a substantial portion of the population continues to face such social risks as exclusion from work in prime age, isolation and limited self-sufficiency in old age, and the long-term poverty of lone parents. The way social policies were set up in the past provides a possible approach to income maintenance. Active social policies, moving away from the reactive, compensatory approach of the past, places greater emphasis to investing in people and giving them incentives to participate actively in the labour market, so as to help them become self-sufficient, autonomous members of society. Getting the jobless work and assisting the disadvantaged to acquire the skills to get higher pay are the best ways in which economic and social progress can be reconciled. The vicious cycle that goes from joblessness to loss of self-confidence, deteriorating skills, isolation, and exclusion, needs to be broken. To help young individuals overcome barriers to quality jobs, many countries introduce active social policies. Programme evaluations are, of course, conducted with the general aim of improving programmes. They may also be conducted with the intention of identifying the effects of a programme on society, or to allow decision-makers to arrive at an understanding of the programme's value. Until now, evaluation of self-sufficiency program (‘jahwal’) has been based on the outputs and performance of local private providers (‘local jahwal centers’). This study focuses on evaluation of the three actors (participants, providers, governments) as well as of the effectiveness, design, efficiency, and sustainability of self-sufficiency programs.
Table Of Contents
제1장 서론 11 제1절 연구배경 및 목적 11 제2절 연구내용 14 제3절 연구방법 15
제2장 선행연구 고찰 21 제1절 자활사업의 성과 21 제2절 자활사업의 평가 27 제3절 재정사업 평가 33