The demographic change of a country is closely correlated with its socioeconomic change: demographic changes, of which changes in fertility are a factor, affect the socioeconomic realm in some cases, and the other way around in others. The need arises, therefore, to come up with better policy options and to do this by continuously monitoring and analyzing domestic and international factors that are found to affect the fertility and family structure of the country. This study surveyed randomly selected subjects?married households with members of ages between 15 and 64 and married women of ages between 15 and 49?living in a number of sample areas. Some of the questions the survey asked were about the characteristics of the households and members and their economic status. The survey also asked questions concerning marriage, family life cycle, pregnancy, childbirth, contraception, mother and child health, familial relationships, the employment of married women, child rearing, and policies on fertility and family. The findings of the survey include the following. First, despite the government’s policy responses to low fertility, the total fertility rate of the country has declined, not increased. Second, pregnancy wastage still remains, indicating limited use of efficient contraceptive methods. Third, induced abortions have been on the decline, but not at a sufficient rate, calling for strengthened policy-level prevention and control. Fourth, the practice of breastfeeding is found to be less common than in advanced countries. Fifth, in addition to the deep-seated norm of having few children, having children at allis increasingly seen as of no use, and marriage itself is increasingly viewed as a matter of choice. All these social tendencies have been detrimental to the formation of family, contributing to fertility decline. Last, the excessive cost parents have to bear for rearing their children and tutoring them outside the classroom is a factor that adds to the fertility decline Korea is facing today.
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제1장 서 론 제1절 연구의 필요성 및 목적 제2절 연구의 내용?대상 및 방법 제3절 표본설계 개요 제4절 현지조사 및 자료처리 제5절 응답자의 특성과 통계해석시 유의사항 제2장 선행연구 및 정책동향 제1절 선행연구 제2절 정책동향 제3장 혼인가치관 및 자녀가치관의 변화 제1절 혼인가치관의 변화 제2절 자녀가치관의 변화 제3절 혼인가치관 및 자녀가치관 변화의 시사점 제4장 임신?출산 행태와 출생아?현존자녀수 제1절 임신경험 횟수 제2절 임신종결 형태 제3절 출산율의 변동 제4절 출생아?현존자녀수 제5절 임신?출산 행태와 출생아?현존자녀수 분석결과의 시사점