A Study on the Effectiveness of Childcare Policies

A Study on the Effectiveness of Childcare Policies

최성은 ; 우석진

Publication Year
Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs
Childcare policies in Korea has expanded rapidly in both the number of beneficiaries and the size of government expenditure. Childcare budget has increased from 300 million won in 2003 to 1,700 million won in 2009. The beneficiaires of childcare cost subsidy has expanded from the low income household to the middle income household. However, the childcare policy in Korea failed to provide with clear policy objectives and directions. The increases in the public expenditure do not guarantee the effectiveness of childcare policy. This study aims at analyzing the effectiveness of childcare policy in terms of female labor supply and the fertility rate.
The analysis shows that childcare policy has negative impact on the labor supply of the married women, in terms of both the labor force participation and the labor hours. This implies that the current childcare subsidy system has disincentive for labor supply. The benefit level is not continuous by means-tested income level, resulting income bracket creep. Labor participation of married women raises household income and this may lead to loose the childcare benefit.
The analysis also shows that break in career path from childbirth affects fertility rate in negative way. Comparing the public sector employees and private sector employees, married women in public sector that face less risks in loosing jobs show higher fertility rate than those in private sector. This implies that childcare policy should ease the risk of the break in career path that married women face. Childcare policy that alleviate the burden of childcare of working women may achieve two different goals of childcare policy, which is increasing female labor supply and fertility rate. This may require restructuring of current childcare policy in Korea toward the third childcare policy model. It may include the reinforcement of incentive system for working women, and more active utilization of private sector by enhancing the competitiveness of childcare services market and less regulation on the market. In addition, the regional inequalities in childcare facilities need to be solved.
Table Of Contents
제1장 서 론
제1절 연구의 목적 및 필요성
제2절 연구의 내용 및 방법

제2장 보육정책의 주요내용
제1절 보육정책의 정책목표
제2절 보육정책 현황
제3절 보육재정 현황 및 전달체계

제3장 보육시설 이용현황 및 보육비 분석
제1절 보육시설 이용 현황
제2절 가계보육비 분석

제4장 보육료 지원의 노동공급효과 분석
제1절 기혼여성의 노동공급 효과 분석을 위한 실증 모형
제2절 자료의 분석과 설명
제3절 보육료 지원이 기혼여성의 노동참여율에 미치는 효과
제4절 보육료 지원이 기혼여성의 노동시간에 미치는 효과
제5절 소결과 정책적 시사점

제5장 보육정책의 출산율제고 효과분석
제1절 모형
제2절 자료 및 추정결과
제3절 소결 및 정책적 시사점

제6장 결론 및 보육지원정책의 과제


부 록
Local ID
연구보고서 2009-31-4
KIHASA Research
Subject Classification
Social service > Welfare for children
Population and family > Responses to fertility decline
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