A Study of Fertility Changes in Korea: Based on National Fertility and Family Health Survey (1974∼2012)

A Study of Fertility Changes in Korea: Based on National Fertility and Family Health Survey (1974∼2012)

오영희 ; 김경래 ; 신창우 ; 배혜원

인구정책 ; 출산수준 ; 임신종결 ; 결혼가치관 ; 자녀가치관
Publication Year
Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs
This study was aimed at analyzing changes in the social-demographic characteristics, fertility rates, pregnancy and childbirth behavior, family values of ever-married women of childbearing age (15~49) using the time series on a database of national fertility and family health survey (1974~2012). We examined the development of population policy over the last fifty years in Korea through literature review. Also, we analyzed how the changes in childbirth behavior of married women changed with population policy the process of fertility transition which played a key role in demographic change, and tried to provide basic data necessary for establishing policy direction for the future.
The findings from this study have policy implications as follows. First, it is necessary to strengthen publicity and education for positive changes in values of family and children. Second, there is a need for policy support to reduce the prevalence of pregnancy loss. Third, efforts are needed to narrow the gap between family values perceived by households and family values perceived by the government. Fourth, it is necessary to provide an effective incentive to resolve the issue of late marriage. Fifth, a comprehensive family policy should be developed focusing on specific target groups. Lastly, population policy must be pursued consistently and continuously.
The authors are in hopes that further research attempts would be built on this research to provide solutions to the problem of low fertility.
Table Of Contents
Abstract 1
요 약 3
제1장 서 론 9
제1절 연구의 필요성 및 목적 11
제2절 연구의 내용 및 방법 12
제2장 우리나라 인구정책의 발전 과정 31
제1절 인구정책의 기본 구조 33
제2절 인구정책의 전개 과정 36
제3절 인구정책과 출산율 변화 52
제4절 인구정책 수립?지원을 위한 출산력 조사 60
제3장 기혼여성의 일반특성 63
제1절 기혼여성의 교육수준 65
제2절 기혼여성의 경제활동참가 양상 69
제3절 기혼여성의 초혼연령 78
제4절 소결 85
제4장 출산수준 87
제1절 우리나라 여성의 출산율 89
제2절 기혼여성의 출생아 수 94
제3절 소결 99
제5장 임신?출산행태 103
제1절 출산 시기 및 출산 간격 105
제2절 임신종결 형태 112
제3절 유배우부인의 피임실천 양상 120
제4절 소결 127
제6장 가족가치관의 변화 129
제1절 결혼가치관 131
제2절 자녀가치관 158
제3절 이상자녀수 및 기대자녀수 171
제4절 소결 201
제7장 결 론 205
제1절 인구정책과 출산행태 변화와의 관계 207
제2절 정책적 제언 212
참고문헌 223
부 록 227
부록 1. 출산력 조사자료 연도별 기존변수 수정 및 신규변수 생성방법 227
부록 2. 부표 235
Local ID
Research Monographs 2016-21
KIHASA Research
Subject Classification
Population and family > Population changes
Population and family > Family changes
Population and family > Responses to fertility decline
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