Health and Social Welfare Review Vol.36 No.2, pp.192-226
This study explores perceptions middle-aged men in retirement transition have about leisure engagement and distinguishes them into different types. To achieve these research goals, Q-methodology is used. Q-samples, 69 statements representative of leisure perceptions are extracted from the Q-population which was constructed by conducting in-depth interview with 10 people and by analyzing the previous research and newspaper articles. A total of 40 men (50-69 years old) participated in Q-sorting and QUANL program was utilized to qualitative data analysis. The leisure patterns are associated with middle-aged men’s perceptions toward their retirement, whether the retirement is a positive event or a negative event. However, eight types of leisure perceptions are identified according to social role, financial status, family relationships and preferences to participate in social groups; a social role seeking type, a seclusive type, a work oriented type, a leisure adaptive type, a couple oriented type, a personal leisure type, a social group type, a non-adaptive social group type. Based on the results of this research, policy directions and practical implications for improving leisure life of middle-aged men are discussed.