Socioeconomic Impacts of Demographic Change

Socioeconomic Impacts of Demographic Change

Byongho Tchoe; Minja Kim Choe

Foreword ix
Byongho Tchoe
Keynote Speech xi
Byongho Tchoe

A Qualitative Understanding of Future Drivers of Fertility in Pacific Asia 1
Stuart Basten, Tomáš Sobotka, Kryštof Zeman, Minja Kim Choe, Zhongwei Zhao
Introduction 1
The Survey 7
Regional Qualitative Findings 11
Conclusions 19
Acknowledgements 20

Contributions of Demographic Factors to Future Population Change 29
Samsik Lee
Introduction 29
Methods and Assumptions 30
Findings: Contributions of Change in Demographic Factors 33
Concluding Remarks 43

Estimation of Optimal Population in Korea: Macroeconometric Modeling and Simulation 45
Jinmyon Lee
Background and Objectives 45
Trends on the discussion of optimum population 46
Macroeconometric modeling for the estimation of Optimal Population 50
Scenarios and projection for optimum population 54
Conclusion and Implications 60

Bridge Job is a “must” in Response to an Insufficient Retirement Income Protection System in Korea 69
Jongwook Won
Background 69
Public Pension System in Korea 71
Employment Status of Old Population and Retiring Population of Korea 75
Importance of Pension System in Retirement Behavior of Old workers 81
Conclusion 91

Japan’s Pension Reform, Labor Market Responses, and Savings 97
Sang-Hyop Lee, Naohiro Ogawa
Introduction 97
Japan’s Old-Age Pension Schemes and Reform 100
Effect of Aging on Labor Market 103
Effect of Pension Reform on Retirement and Pension Benefit 107
Effect of Pension Reform on Savings 111
Conclusion 117

Intergenerational Transfers in China 129
Karen Eggleston

Support System over the Lifecycle in Korea: the Role of Intergenerational Transfers 151
Namhui Hwang
Introduction 152
Previous Studies 154
Application of NTA and NTTA in Korea 157
Results of Estimation 162

Conclusion 176
Immigrant Heterogeneity and Mental Health among Asian and Latino Immigrants 185
Seunghye Hong
Introduction 185
Methods 193
Results 201
Discussion 209

Changes in Disease Patterns and Health Expenditures in Korea 231
Sang-young Lee
Structural Changes in Population 231
National Health Expenditures 235
Changes in the Disease Patterns and the Medical Expenditures 240
Future Outlook 250
Policy Directions 253

Self-Stated Reasons for Suicidal Ideation among Youth: Different Predictors? 257
Yean-Ju Lee
Introduction 257
Literature Review: Social Factors Predicting Suicide 259
Data and Methods 263
Findings 264
Discussion and Conclusion 269
보고서 번호
정책자료 2013-02
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