북한주민의 생활과 보건복지실태 -건강 및 출산.양육을 중심으로-

제목
북한주민의 생활과 보건복지실태 -건강 및 출산.양육을 중심으로-
The Status of Health, Childbirth and Child Rearing of North Korean People
저자

황나미; 이삼식; 이상영

키워드
인간안보; 생애주기 건강생활
발행연도
2012
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
북한주민의 현재의 삶의 모습을 규명하고 보건 및 복지 실태를 파악하여 북한주민의 생명존중에 입각한 인도적 지원사업의 목표수준, 정책적 우선순위 수립의 기초정보를 제공

The health and food security is one of the important primary issues, especially in the humanitarian standpoint, because it is involved in basic living standards for survival.
The objectives of this study are to identify the current status of basic human needs and health related life styles of North Korean people throughout the life span.
According to the result of study, the gap in healthy life expectancy between North Koreans and South Koreans was approximately 12 years in 2007. Individuals born in South Korea could expect to live up to 80 on average, while North Koreans were much behind them, 69 in 2008.
The levels of infant and maternal mortality of North Korea were five times higher than those of South Korea. Infant mortality rate and the maternal mortality ratio were 19.0 per 1,000 livebirths and 77.2 per 100,000 livebirths respectively, which remained considerably higher than those in the 1990s.
Health-related lifestyles, such as smoking and alcohol consumption, have increased since the year of 1990. Smoking and drinking rates among adults were 53% and 44% respectively as of 2012. North Korean had a poor quality of life and poor environmental sanitation required for their daily life. The health and food security has deteriorated since the year of 1990s, which was observed by the interview survey for the migrants from North Korea and living in South Korea.
The early childhood is one of the most critical moments in the life of an individual to keep the high quality of life.
The strategies for population development as well as assurance of human security for the next generation should focus on strengthening early childhood development programs of North Korean people for the unification of Korea in the future.
목차
Abstract

요약

Ⅰ. 서론
1. 연구배경
2. 연구목적
3. 연구범위 및 방법

Ⅱ. 생애주기별 건강생활 실태
1. 임신 및 피임
2. 영유아기
3. 학동기
4. 청장년기
5. 노년기

Ⅲ. 식량·주거 등 기초생활 실태
1. 식량 구입 및 섭취 실태
2. 주거생활

Ⅳ. 결혼, 출산 및 자녀양육 실태
1. 북한주민의 결혼 상황
2. 결혼비용
3. 출산 실태
4. 자녀양육 실태

Ⅴ. 취업 및 근로복지 실태
1. 교육 및 대학 진학 실태
2. 취업 및 직업 선택
3. 근로 및 복지 실태

Ⅵ.결론 및 제언
1. 보건복지 분야의 남북 주민의 공통성과 이질성
2. 제언

참고문헌
보고서 번호
연구보고서 2012-60
ISBN
978-89-6827-005-5
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