사회보건분야 기후변화 취약성 평가 및 적응 역량 강화(3차년도)

제목
사회보건분야 기후변화 취약성 평가 및 적응 역량 강화(3차년도)
Assessment of Climate Change Vulnerability in Health
저자

신호성; 배현주; 임종한; 이수형; 서성우; 임유라; 박해용; 김환철; 이지영; 정달영; 박명숙; 김정애; 전성환; 허용석

키워드
사회보건분야; 기후변화
발행연도
2012
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
기후변화 취약성 평가모형을 수정․보완하여 기후변화 취약성 정도를 재측정하고, 기후변화 취약계층 및 취약지역을 대상으로 한 심층분석(일반인 대상, 전문가 대상)과 우리나라 중앙정부 및 시도 단위 지방정부의 기후변화 적응대책을 평가 등을 통하여 궁극적으로 정부, 시도, 지자체 단위에서의 건강위험요인별 기후변화 적응대책 모색

In the first year's work, we developed the framework of climate change vulnerability assessment tool. The purpose of the second year's study was to compute the composite index of climate change of health impacts by the sigungu (district or county) area. We analyzed the health impacts into five categories; vector-borne diseases, food and water-borne diseases, disaster, heat stress, and air pollution/allergy. In last year of the project, we assessed the validity and reliability of climate change vulnerability index which we developed in the second year. We also proposed valuable policy suggestions as well as the assessment of province climate change reports
The vulnerability assessment framework of climate change focused on health impacts consists of six layers, The first layer was climate factors such as the future change of temperature, precipitation, and humidity and their variabilities. The second layer was the magnitude and distribution of climate change related to diseases. The third one was environmental factors, which are composed of natural environment and man-made environment. The fourth layer composed of vulnerable population distribution of climate change. The fifth layer assessed social conditions, which are associated with social resources and upstream determinants of health. The final layer of vulnerability model was the health system. In particular, public health initiatives are crucial to the success of adaptation policy and community mobilizing.
We throughly reviewed related documents and followed the compositor's construction process suggested. We explored different methodologies for weighting and aggregating indicators into a composite and tested the robustness of the composite. For the test, we did population based interview surveys of 3 district areas and 2 counties, and the in-depth interviews of 25 experts. From the outcome of surveys, we found that index developed in the second year had a considerable validity and reliability. Nonetheless, we revised the index and updated data for better predictability of climate change vulnerability in health issues.
The assessment of district/county level of the vulnerability for climate change would be a useful tool for measuring the effectiveness of adaptation efforts and evaluating the exposure sensitivity of climate risks. The composite index we developed and we named for climate change vulnerability index in health, provided the useful and reliable information regarding the factors for susceptible parts, the comparison of relative vulnerability, which helped people to understand the risks and induced people actions to overcome he risks.
목차
Abstract

요 약

제1장 서론
제1절 연구의 배경 및 목적
제2절 연구내용 및 방법

제2장 지역사회를 기반으로 한 기후변화 취약성 심층분석
제1절 실태 조사 개요
제2절 가구 실태조사 설문결과 분석

제3장 기후변화 취약성 지표의 신뢰도와 타당도 분석
제1절 신뢰도와 타당도 개요
제2절 기후변화 건강 취약성 지표의 신뢰도/타당도 분석
제3절 주민조사결과
제4절 전문가(실무자) 조사결과
제5절 소결

제4장 기후변화 건강취약성 지표
제1절 기후변화 건강취약성 지표 산출과정
제2절 2010년 기준 기후변화 건강 취약성 지표
제3절 특정질환의 시공간분석

제5장 기후변화 건강 적응대책
제1절 평가 방법
제2절 국내외 적응정책 평가 사례
제3절 건강분야 기후변화 적응대책 사례
제4절 국내 지자체별 기후변화 건강 적응대책 사례 및 평가

제6장 결론 및 정책제안
제1절 기후변화 건강 취약성 지표
제2절 기후변화 적응 인벤토리(Inventory) 구축
제3절 기후변화 적응대책 제안
제4절 결론

참고문헌
부록
보고서 번호
협동연구 2012-01
ISBN
978-89-8187-975-4
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