- 한국 사회보장제도가 직면하게 될 경제사회적 환경변화에 대한 검토를 토대로 사회수당제도 도입 필요성을 검토하고자 함.
- 국내의 사회보장제도 및 관련 복지제도에 대한 실태분석을 통해 사회수당제도 도입과 관련한 제도적 여건을 살펴보고, 도입 필요성에 대한 정책제안을 하고자 함.
The social protection system in Korea still bears the traces of earlier history. It follows a long-established ‘'developmental welfare state’' tradition, continues to favour the residual welfare strategy. It is true that after the economic crisis of 1997 two democratic governments have reinforced or expanded main welfare policies like social insurances and social assistance. Nevertheless, there are the millions excluded from actual social protection system. The aim of this report is to propose the long-term strategy for the introduction of social allowance policies, in its respective institutional, historical and cultural context. It mean that this report explore the possible strategies of welfare expansion in the time de economic recession. The notion of is defined here by three viewpoints: 1) Basic Income, 2) Demogrants, 3) Categorical Social Assistance. The concept of Basic Income is useful in the re-construction of actual social welfare system in term of social allowance. Demogrant not introduced in Korea is rather useful in the proposition of realist welfare reform strategy. However, the Categorical Social Assistance favored by legislators indicate the actual feature of social allowance. In fact, Basic Old-Age Pension and Basic Disability Pension is not the true pension but the categorical social assistance schemes that protect mainly the low income families. These are not encore social allowance programs. In this sense, it will allow us to propose the action plan(reform plan) toward the social allowance scheme that help expand the coverage of social protection program despite budget constraint. The last two governments have introduced the number of categorical social assistance program and took a heavy step toward the welfare expansion. However policy-makers are still reluctant to accept the arguments of specialists in favour of social allowance programs, because there is a widespread and strong belief in the merits of developmental strategy and the weakness of welfare strategy. This report propose that the social allowance is a practical and effective method of improving the welfare of low income families, and that it must take the step forward with the more solide and differentiated strategies.