아시아 국가의 사회보장제도
Social Security Systems in Selected Asian Countries
홍석표; Rainier ALMAZAN; Sao CHIVOAN; Dang Kim CHUNG; Vita FEBRIANY; Chang Keun HAN; Dayangku Hjh Nur Satri binti Pg Hj HASHIM; Zulkarnain A. HATTA; Mylene HEGA; Noridah Haji ISHAK; Somchai JITSUCHON; Xaikham PHANNALATH; Hoang Kien TRUNG; Yos VAJRAGUPTA; Athia YUMNA
◈ 기초자료 수집 ◈ 아시아 자료수집의 기초모듈 생성 ◈ 국제심포지움 개최
Asian countries have been battered by two economic crises of 1997 and 2008/2009, and the poor and vulnerable in the region were hit hard. Thus, it is opportune to look into how social security system sets up by each Asian country to protect them work, and important to discuss the direction of mid-to long-term policies for social security system in a way that minimizes negative repercussions that could result in the implementation of the policies. Based on the findings of the study, the following policy recommendations are suggested for the improvement of social security system in the region: First, enhancing social security system in the developing countries requires both the development of social insurance programs as well as short-term or temporary social assistance programs. Second, there can’t be a single social security system that works in all countries. Thus, it should reflect the social norms, historical or institutional traditions, levels of economic development, national priorities, and capacity of local areas in the light of the preference of people. Third, social assistance programs are an effective tool in mitigating the impact of the global economic crisis in the short term, however, in order to provide continuous cushion from the outside impact and to alleviate poverty, other forms of long-term social security services such as education and medical and nutritional services should be provided. Fourth, to prevent the leakage of budget and efficiently implement social security programs, it is essential to obtain trustworthy information on who the vulnerable are and whether those selected to be the beneficiaries are the right ones. Fifth, Asian countries need to enhance social security by expanding social insurance programs and raising their management efficiency. Lastly, it is important to provide technical support to multilateral or bilateral social aid agencies in the development, targeting and monitoring of social security programs and the analysis and collection of data for their evaluation.