결혼이주여성의 성공적 정착과 농촌의 지속가능한 다문화사회 구축방안 연구
The Successful Settlement of International Marriage Migrant Women and The Establishment of Sustainable Multi-Cultural Society in The Rural Area of Korea
김기홍; 허태영; 황명진
결혼이주여성; 농촌의 지속자능한 다문화사회
ㅁ본 연구는 결혼이주여성과 다문화가족의 이해를 위해 동화주의 관점, 더 나아가 다문화주의를 주장하면서도 내용면에서는 동화를 강조하는 경향에 대한 성찰을 통해 결혼이주여성의 성공적 정착과 함께 지속가능한 다문화사회를 구축하는 방안을 찾고자 하는 기본적인 문제인식을 갖고 있다. ㅁ본 연구는 우리 사회의 도구적·가부장적 사고에 묶인 인식을 극복하고 결혼이주여성과 다문화가족들의 자아실현과 행복증진은 물론, 이들의 참여와 협력을 실현해가는 것이 궁극적으로는 우리의 사회자본(social capital)을 확충하는 길임을 제시하는데 있다. ㅁ본 연구는 농촌의 결혼이민여성들이 가족과 마을, 지역사회, 공동체, 다문화가족 네트워크 등과 어떻게 관계를 맺으며 그들이 가족과 마을, 지역사회에서 어떤 방식으로 사회자본을 강화해 갈 수 있는 지를 탐구하는 것이 핵심목적이다.
The study is entitled 'The Successful Settlement of International Marriage Migrant Women and The Establishment of Sustainable Multi-Cultural Society in The Rural Area of Korea'. This study focuses on rural community which shows the characteristics of the multi-cultural phenomenon in Korea very well and further attempts to find out the alternatives of the problems which take place in the multi-cultural society. First of all, the study tries to objectively understand the reality in which international marriage migrant women and the multi-cultural families contribute to overcome the problem of rural exodus, low birth rate and aging in rural area. Especially, the purpose of the report is for the fiscal strength by curtailing the welfare expense through the active participation and self-reliance of international marriage migrant women and their families in rural and local communities. Moreover, the report aims to the strengthening of the relation resources distinguished by cooperation and reciprocity in rural area by utilizing the merits which international marriage migrant women and their families have youthfulness, high education and various backgrounds. In order to achieve these purposes, the study points out beginning the genuine multi-cultural society by reflecting the reality which orients multi-cultural society but reveals itself assimilationism. Therefore, the study emphasizes the views of social capital theory to heighten the sustainability of rural area as well as the ethnicity theory which has not been discussed earnestly in our society. Also, the study is based on the views of recognition-redistribution which is insisted in multi-cultural theory currently and overcoming the asymmetry and instrumentalism of international marriage which are pervaded in multi-cultural rural area. To support these arguments the study makes an attempt to modelling for 'The Successful Settlement of International Marriage Migrant Women and The Establishment of Sustainable Multi-cultural Society in the Rural Area of Korea' through the statistical raw data of '2009 Fact Finding Survey of National Multi-cultural Families' which was conduced by KIHASA, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Gender Equality & Family. We could find out the fact that family relation is most of all important and then the necessity of strengthening social relation along with the fact that family relation, social relation and government policy positively effect on the successful settlement and satisfaction of international marriage migrant women and their families based on statistical analysis. Specially, in 3 types modellings of this study we could understand the fact that the multi-cultural policies are more effective in strengthening the social capital than adding their children and these results are the new plans for realizing practically multi cultural society in the future. Also, this study tries qualitative research to find out the deep structure of settlement and expectation in the view points of international marriage migrant women and their families themselves. We could find out what the essences of settlement and expectation in international marriage migrant women and their families are through the faithful approaches of phenomenological method. In addition, these approaches of phenomenological method are differentiated from applying partly to the time orientation and space orientation which were integrated in one orientation previously. The essences of experiences in the study are classified into 12 categories which are the understanding of international marriage, rural area in Korea, cultural gap, weather disparity, isolation, family conflict, children nurture, phobia of violence, double torture as foreigner, economical difficulty, encounter of helpers, rediscovery of hope. International marriage migrant women speak their expectations for their futures and their families, after discovered their hopes. These are mentioned as the essences of expectations. The essences of expectations are classified into 7 categories which are the reestablishment of identity, active adaptation, the construction of true multi-cultural society, the desperate regards of families, the paradigm change of multi cultural education, the job opportunity, the community support. The essences of expectation in the views of international marriage migrant women is from first to last to find out the clues in order to solve the problems of multi-cultural society.
Ⅰ. 서론 37 제1절 연구 필요성과 목적 37 제2절 연구내용 42
Ⅱ. 다문화사회에 대한 논의와 농촌 다문화의 특징 49 제1절 다문화사회의 도래와 논의 49 제2절 농촌 다문화의 특징 60
Ⅲ. 이론적 배경 73 제1절 다문화주의의 재 고찰 73 제2절 농촌 다문화가족과 지속가능성 93
Ⅳ. 연구 방법론 125 제1절 양적 접근 125 제2절 질적 접근 128
Ⅴ. 전국 다문화가족실태조사 연구 재분석 135 제1절 기초통계분석 135 제2절 실증분석 137 제3절 출산에 미치는 영향분석 140