지방자치단체 저출산 대책의 효율적인 운영방안 연구

제목
지방자치단체 저출산 대책의 효율적인 운영방안 연구
Local Government's Response to Low Fertility and Future Issues
저자

박종서김유경; 이지혜; 김한나; 박희숙

키워드
지방자치단체; 저출산 정책
발행연도
2011
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
◈ 지자체의 저출산 정책 추진 현황 파악
◈ 중앙정부와 지자체 간 역할분담과에 관한 외국사례 분석
◈ 저출산 정책의 효율적 추진을 위한 지자체 인구정책 개선방안 도출

This study had the purpose to identify the status and problems for low birth rate in local municipalities of each level, and seek for plan to clarify the policy areas and roles of central government and local municipalities.
As a result of the analysis of the status of local municipalities low birth rate policies, toward recent years, policy focus moved from childbirth support to children fostering support. Results of metropolitan municipality policies indicated that the effectiveness of low birth rate policies of municipalities and the roles of metropolitan local municipalities were weak. According to the results of the analysis of the municipalities low birth rate policy status in 2010, policy types were concentrated on projects for childbirth and fostering field, specifically mother and child health project, childbirth congratulatory grants, improvement of recognition and public relations.
As a result of analyzing 232 city, county and ward groups, municipalities were grouped into 3 groups: large city communities, small medium city communities and rural communities. It was found that large city communities require one family support policies and childbirth and fostering support policies for self-employed, small medium city communities extension of child fostering infrastructure and utilization of local resources, and rural communities child fostering cost burden alleviating policies and local resources utilizing plan policies.
In conclusion, the following policies are proposed: First, it is required to clarify the roles and functions by municipalities, and further strengthen the functions of metropolitan municipalities. In addition, policy models that reflect local characteristics should be developed, and central government and metropolitan municipalities are required to support such policies.
In classification by areas, large city communities are required to diversify child fostering programs and organize family-friendly work place culture, particularly among metropolitan municipalities. Small medium city communities shall pursue plan to extend child fostering infrastructure and alleviate cost burden by child rearing. Rural communities will need to give support to alleviate the cost burden for child rearing, and activate home fostering like child daycare project.
목차
제1장 서론 11
제1절 연구의 필요성 및 목적
제2절 연구 방법 및 연구 내용

제2장 지방자치단체 저출산 정책 실태분석
제1절 개요
제2절 광역 지방자치단체의 저출산 정책
제3절 기초 지방자치단체의 저출산 정책

제3장 지역 특성별 저출산 대책 모형
제1절 지역 단위 출산율 특성분석
제2절 지역 특성에 따른 군집 분석
제3절 군집별 정책 모형

제4장 일본 지방자치단체의 저출산 정책 특성
제1절 배경
제2절 어린이 육아 행정체계
제3절 어린이 육아 정책의 재정구조
제4절 지방자치단체의 저출산 정책
제5절 일본의 지방자치단체 저출산 정책의 시사점

제5장 지방자치단체 저출산 대책 효율화 방안
제1절 정부 간 역할분담
제2절 지역 모형별 정책방향 및 지역 적합형 정책사례
제3절 정부합동평가를 통한 정책효율성 증대
제4절 지방자치단체 권한 위임과 재정분담체계 개선

제6장 요약 및 결론
보고서 번호
연구보고서 2011-37-7
ISBN
978-89-8187-819-1
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