소비자 중심의 유기식품의 관리체계 및 개선방안: 유기가공식품 표시제 중심으로
Study on the Organic Food Control System Focused on the Consumers
곽노성; 김어지나; 차성미; 정지원
소비자 중심; 유기식품
◈ 우리나라의 유기농 식품 시장 현황 ◈ 우리나라의 유기농 식품 관리체계 ◈ 선진국의 유기농식품 시장 현황 ◈ 선진국의 유기농식품 관리체계 ◈ 소비자 인식도 조사 ◈ 정책과제 제안
Korean government has a plan to integrate the present three regulations relating to organic foods. These regulations are the labelling requirements by the food hygiene act and the organic processed food certification by the food industry promotion act, and non-processed organic foods certification by the environmentally-friendly agriculture promotion act. At present, it is not clear whether the certification of organic processed foods is compulsory or not. Besides, there are some differences between the labelling requirements and the certification criteria for organic processed foods. Therefore, it is necessary to change the present certification criteria for processed organic foods apart from the consolidation of the regulations at the act level. Here are some suggestions to be considered in preparation of the proposals for the certification criteria for processed organic foods. First, the labelling requirements by the food hygiene act and the organic processed food certification criteria by the food industry promotion act are still different to some extent in spite of recent changes in the organic processed food certification criteria. Besides, terminology used in the labelling requirements and the certification criteria should be same to prevent the manufacturer’s confusion. Second, the percentage of organic materials in the food should be labeled in the products. Consumers are not easy to find out how much of the organic materials are used in the products since the percentages of the each materials are only labelled. Third, the origin indication should be labelled near the organic food symbol. Consumers are eager to purchase the products containing the materials originated from Korea. It is reported that the consumers prefer products containing the materials originated from Korea to imported organic processed foods. Forth, the usage of the term, organic food in the products containing less than 95 percent of the organic materials should be reviewed. Present system allowing the extent of the labeling of organic foods is so complicated for consumers. Fifth, the co-operation between the KFDA charging the imported food inspection in the quarantine and Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries are necessary. It is more efficient for KFDA to check the imported organic foods in the quarantine. Sixth, various values pursued by the organic foods as well as the definition of organic food should be communicated with consumers.