social cohesion; social mobility; income inequality
Intergenerational income elasticity (social mobility) and social trust (social capital) are major indicators of social cohesion. Perceptions of social cohesion are, in fact, strongly and inversely correlated to perceptions of income inequality. At least on the cognitive level, income inequality bears an undeniable correlation to social capital, mobility, and cohesion. This finding suggests that the level of a society’s cohesion depends on income inequality, and that income distribution policy therefore plays a vital role in forging social cohesion.
Ⅰ. Introduction 1 1. Introduction 3 2. Research Structure and Method 7
Ⅱ. Changing Perceptions of Social Cohesion 9 1. Perceptions and Psychology 11 2. Images of Society 12 3. Role of the Government 14
Ⅲ. Preconditions for Social Cohesion 17 1. Preconditions for Social Cohesion 19 2. Preconditions for Social Cohesion by Sex and Age 22
Ⅳ. General Assessment 29 1. Determinants of Perceptions of Social Cohesion 31 2. Perceptions of Inequality and Social Cohesion 44