The Role of National Research Institutes in the Development of Health and Social Policies in Korea: Focused on the Case of the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs

The Role of National Research Institutes in the Development of Health and Social Policies in Korea: Focused on the Case of the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs

정경희 ; 강혜규조성은강은나고숙자신윤정신화연오미애윤석명황남희곽윤경김수진김은정김회성 ; 송철종 ; 안수란오욱찬이기호이상정임완섭정은희 ; 주유선 ; 이선희 ; 진재현 ; 박형존 ; 강소선 ; 강유구 ; 이연희 ; 이혜선 ; 이재윤 ; 안형석

national research institutes ; organizational changes ; research topics ; bibliographical analysis ; big data analysis
Publication Year
Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs
이 연구는 한국보건사회연구원 설립 50주년(2021. 7. 1.)을 맞이하여 50년간 성취한 한국보건사회연구원의 다각적인 사회적 기여를 정리하고 향후 발전 방향을 모색하기 위해 수행되었다.
구체적으로 한국보건사회연구원의 주요한 연구 주제 변화 추이를 점검하였으며, 정책 발전 과정에서 한국보건사회연구원의 역할을 조망하였다.
궁극적으로 한국보건사회연구원의 발전을 위해 연구 활동의 고도화, 연구 결과 확산을 위한 추진전략 마련, 다각적인 50주년 기념 행사 마련 등을 제언하였다.

Korean social welfare services have followed a different path from the general development of social welfare services in Western welfare states. The most striking feature in Korea is that social welfare services were provided voluntarily at the private level long before various social policies that could provide social welfare services were developed in earnest. This study tried to examine how the role-sharing relationship between the state and the private sector has changed in Korea’s representative social welfare service areas, such as child welfare and community welfare, over the past century, focusing on representative cases.
After the Korean War, social welfare services in Korea, which had been expanded centered on children’s residential facilities, began to shift from the 1970s onward to focus on community welfare in response to changes in demand for child welfare such as a decrease in war orphans. Social pressure sometimes brought functional changes to traditional residential facilities, and at other times led to an expansion of the breadth of their services. An example this study takes as a case in point is Jinwoonwon, which had attempted to double as a social welfare center as far back as in the 1970s. With its such attempt not having gone through, Jinwoonwon tried to expand its functions by realizing the construction of a comprehensive children's welfare center. In the end, however, it was not evaluated as being successful for both the juridical person and the local community. Since the mid-1980s, facilities such as community centers, welfare centers for the disabled, senior welfare centers, youth counseling centers, and domiciliary care centers have been expanded. In the era of service consumption, the pressure for deinstitutionalization has increased. Nevertheless, child welfare facilities are still needed, and changes must be made to services that are provided to respond to new child issues, such as child abuse, which have recently attracted social attention. What is confirmed in the several examined cases is that since the 1980s, as the roles of the two actors, the private sector and the state, have strengthened, a dangerous period in which the conflict between the state and the private sector can be internalized continues. When looking at the institutions analyzed in this study, the fact that the absolute amount of national subsidies in the composition of financial resources can undermine the independence of the private sector.
After all, now is the time when the state and the private sector need close cooperation with each other. Close cooperation should be achieved at a level that secures individuality while maintaining an appropriate distance, not too close and not too far. Welfare society is not achieved solely by the power of the government, but mutual aid activities and volunteer activities must be activated so that the power of the private sector must be combined. It is necessary to ensure that a welfare community is built on the basis of “family and neighborhood, and region and country” and that the vulnerable and the poor, such as children, the elderly, and the disabled, are protected, and active support from the public sector is required. It is necessary to promote private donations and volunteer work, induce voluntary participation of religious and non-profit organizations, strengthen the organic cooperation system with the private sector, and achieve more effective welfare effects.
Table Of Contents
Abstract 1
요약 3
제1부 한국보건사회연구원의 발전 과정 및 연구 성과 17
제1장 서론 19
제2장 한국보건사회연구원의 발전 과정 27
제3장 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 성과 97
제2부 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 활동의 변화 추이 분석 297
제1장 계량서지분석을 통해 살펴본 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 활동 299
제2장 언론 기사 분석을 통해 살펴본 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 활동 449
제3부 주요 정책별 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 활동 성과와 과제 581
제1장 주요 정책별 한국보건사회연구원의 연구 활동 583
제2장 보편적 건강보장제도의 발전 587
제3장 공적 연금제도의 구축 615
제4장 빈곤 정책의 발전 651
제5장 보건의료제공체계의 구축과 고도화 675
제6장 아동복지 정책의 발전 707
제7장 자녀양육지원 정책의 체계화 733
제8장 노년기 삶의 질 증진을 위한 복지 정책의 확대 761
제9장 장애인복지 정책의 확대 803
제10장 사회서비스 정책의 도입과 확충 837
제4부 한국보건사회연구원의 역할 평가 및 향후 발전 방향 855
제1장 한국보건사회연구원의 발전 과정 종합 857
제2장 향후 발전 방향 모색 885
부록 975
Local ID
연구보고서 2020-02
KIHASA Research
Subject Classification
General social security > Welfare state
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