다양한 가족의 제도적 수용성 제고 방안

제목
다양한 가족의 제도적 수용성 제고 방안
Policy Implications for Embracing Diverse Families
저자

변수정박종서; 오신휘; 김혜영

키워드
다양한 가족; 수용성; 가족정책; 문화
발행연도
2017
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
한국 사회의 가족 형태가 변하고 있다. 과거의 전통적인 가족 유형만으로는 가족을 설명하고 이해하는 데 한계가 있으며, 다양한 가족에 대한 인식적·정책적 수용 욕구도 함께 높아지고 있다. 정부 역시 「제3차 저출산·고령사회기본계획(2016~2020)」에서 ‘다양한 가족에 대한 포용성 제고’를 정책 과제로 제시하면서 우리 사회의 다양한 가족이 안정된 가족생활을 영위할 수 있는 사회적 환경 조성을 강조하고 있다.
본 연구는 가족과 관련된 제도 및 정책들이 변화하는 가족의 모습을 반영하고 있는가에 대한 문제 제기를 기초로 소득·건강·주거 영역, 임신·출산 및 양육 영역의 제도와 정책들을 분석하였다. 또한, 일반 국민들의 가족에 대한 인식, 특히 다양한 가족에 대한 수용 정도를 살펴보았다. 이를 바탕으로 다양한 가족을 사회·제도·문화적으로 수용하기 위한 시사점을 제시하였다.

The purpose of this study is to examine whether current institutions and policies on family embrace diverse forms of family in Korea and to provide implications for improved policy.
First of all, this study reviews changing trends of marriage and family formation and the changes in the traditional ideas about family. Next, we review laws and policies in income security, health coverage, and housing support programs as a base domain of family life. We then review laws and policies related to pregnancy, childbirth, and child-rearing. Through the review, we figure out the point of view on family in each policy and how much the policy understands diverse situations in many types of family. In-depth interviews are also implemented. In addition, we conduct online surveys to understand cultural acceptance of diverse families among the public.
The study finds that some policies have inconsistencies within a point of view on family. Also, the findings of the study indicate that current family policies are designed without understanding about diverse situations of families. Moreover, we find that a particular type of family needs special supports in some parts but policies have not considered those parts yet. Furthermore, a de facto marriage is considered in policies without consistency. Some policies admit de facto relationships, but others do not.
Finally, this study provides some suggestions to create environments that diverse forms of family could live without discrimination in Korean society. In particular, a concrete point of view on family in the phase of developing policy and system is needed. Although each institution and each policy could not consider all kinds of family forms, diverse situations of different family forms should be considered enough in policy making process. We continuously need to seek to have improved policies that truly embrace diverse forms of family in Korea.

The purpose of this study is to examine whether current institutions and policies on family embrace diverse forms of family in Korea and to provide implications for improved policy.
First of all, this study reviews changing trends of marriage and family formation and the changes in the traditional ideas about family. Next, we review laws and policies in income security, health coverage, and housing support programs as a base domain of family life. We then review laws and policies related to pregnancy, childbirth, and child-rearing. Through the review, we figure out the point of view on family in each policy and how much the policy understands diverse situations in many types of family. In-depth interviews are also implemented. In addition, we conduct online surveys to understand cultural acceptance of diverse families among the public.
The study finds that some policies have inconsistencies within a point of view on family. Also, the findings of the study indicate that current family policies are designed without understanding about diverse situations of families. Moreover, we find that a particular type of family needs special supports in some parts but policies have not considered those parts yet. Furthermore, a de facto marriage is considered in policies without consistency. Some policies admit de facto relationships, but others do not.
Finally, this study provides some suggestions to create environments that diverse forms of family could live without discrimination in Korean society. In particular, a concrete point of view on family in the phase of developing policy and system is needed. Although each institution and each policy could not consider all kinds of family forms, diverse situations of different family forms should be considered enough in policy making process. We continuously need to seek to have improved policies that truly embrace diverse forms of family in Korea.
목차
Abstract 1
요 약 3
제1장 서 론 7
제1절 연구의 배경 및 목적 9
제2절 연구의 내용 및 방법 13
제2장 이론적 검토 23
제1절 한국 사회 가족의 변화 25
제2절 주요 가족 관련법과 다양한 가족 36
제3장 다양한 가족에 대한 정책적 환경 I: 소득·건강·주거 영역 69
제1절 소득 영역 71
제2절 건강 영역 90
제3절 주거 영역 102
제4절 소결 112
제4장 다양한 가족에 대한 정책적 환경 II: 임신·출산 및 양육 영역 123
제1절 임신 및 출산 영역 125
제2절 자녀 양육 영역 149
제3절 일가족 양립 영역 160
제4절 소결 173
제5장 다양한 가족에 대한 문화적 수용 환경 187
제1절 혼인 관련 인식 189
제2절 다양한 가족에 대한 인식 199
제3절 가족 관련 전통적 이념에 대한 인식 221
제6장 결론 및 시사점 239
제1절 결론 241
제2절 시사점 245
참고문헌
257
부 록 265
보고서 번호
연구보고서 2017-20
ISBN
9788968274725
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