Frail elderly people; Muscle strength program; Physical function; Quality of life
보건교육건강증진학회지, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 39 - 53
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of muscle strength exercise on physical function and quality of life in the frail elderly. Methods: Subjects were 401 frail elderly people selected by the screening tool developed by Japan department of Health, Labor and welfare. The program was carried out for twice a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed with paired t-test and t-test using STATA program. Results: 1) Muscle strength exercise for the frail elderly showed statistically significant effects on improving grip strength, single leg stand, TUG(Time up to go) and quality of life. 2) The grip strength and single leg stand indicators showed statistically significant effects between the over 75 years old and the under 75 years old. However, TUG and quality of life indicators didn't show statistically significant effects between the over 75 years old and the under 75 years old. Conclusions: The muscle strength exercise for the frail elderly people was very effective on improving grip strength, single leg stand, TUG and quality of life and especially, it was more effective in the over 75 years old than in the under 75 years old.