pharmaceutical; data exclusivity; intellectual property rights
약제학회지, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 299 - 307
ABSTRACT - Data exclusivity is one of the most important intellectual property rights of pharmaceutical. During data exclusivity pediod, third parties are prohibited from relying on the data which the original company has submitted to regulatory authority for drug application. I investigated data exclusivity sysrems for pharmaceuticals in the US, EU, Canada and Korea. New chemical entities were usually given the longest periods of data exclusivity compared to drugs with new indication or new formulation, although the protection periods varied by country. For new drugs to be entitled to a data exclusivity, strict conditions should be met. Data exclusivity has also been provided as an incentive to promote clinical investigation and drug development for pediatric population or orphan diseases. In Korea, data exclusivity was adopted in 1995 as an addictive provision to "drug re-examination" which is to investigate post-marketing safely information of new drugs. I was introduced with few discussion on the purpose of effects of data exclusivity on pharmaceutical industry and pharmaceutical market in this country. I found that Korea's data exclusivity system falls short of considerations on valuing innovation of pharmaceutical research. It is necessary to improve data exclusivity system in order to promote innovative pharmaceutical development and to balance intellectual property rights protection and access to drugs in this country.