국민건강과 안전을 위한 식품안전전략 구축방안

제목
국민건강과 안전을 위한 식품안전전략 구축방안
Strategy Formulation Plan for Public Health and Safety
저자

김정선; 송태민; 이난희; 심보람

키워드
식품안전; 소셜네트워크분석 SNS; 식품불안
발행연도
2015
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
□ 불안에 관한 연구는 대부분이 사례 연구이며 국민 불안 현상이 실시간 반영된 대응책에 대한 연구가 이루어지지 못함.
□ 국민 불안의 발생원인 및 영향요인에 대한 인과관계를 파악하는데 한계가 있음. 따라서 불안의 원인을 소비자의 과거학습과 안전의식, 식품에 대한 신뢰, 공공기관에 대한 신뢰 등으로 구분하여 심층 분석하고, 이에 대한 시계열적 변화를 측정해 볼 필요가 있음.
□ 본 연구의 차별성: 국민 불안 실태 및 원인에 대해 다양한 방법론으로 비교 분석하여, 국민의 불안 실태를 상시적 또는 실시간으로 모니터링할 수 있는 도구를 마련함. 국민 불안에 따른 온라인 매체를 포함한 언론보도수준과 SNS 분석결과를 반영하여 불안지수를 개발함. 이를 통해 실시간 및 사고별 대응 전략과 개선안 모색함.

Food safety management is important as it influences public health directly. On the contrary, issues related to food safety are constantly being raised and it is not only challenging to predict the level of risk, the nature of risk and issue varies from short-term risks such as foreign bodies in food to long term and serious risks such as radiation leaks.
Number of internet users increased with development of communication technology and as a result, social network service (SNS) has become as a powerful communication tool. Issues related to food safety spread fast through social networks such as Twitter, a popular microblogging service, feeding consumer anxiety. Therefore, more study is needed about the communicational aspect of the food safety and consumer anxiety.
The aim of this study is to establish a C2G(Citizen to Government) strategy, that can monitor the real-time and the annual level of public unrest on food safety. A public anxiety level measurement and monitoring system was developed, which allows an efficient communication with the public, so that the discontent elements can be minimized promptly.
This study consists of 6 chapters and starts with a background of the research as presented in Chapter 1. Chapter 2 shows the trend of food safety awareness and then information media and communication is covered in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 consists of social big data collection and public awareness analysis and Chapter 5 provides communication strategy via SNS. Finally, the conclusion is drawn and policies are proposed in Chapter 6.
Although public awareness about food safety is high in Korea, the current food safety related statistical research system of the government focuses on understanding the general awareness of the consumers only, having no system that can track the pre-incident, post-incident and real-time public awareness. In addition to this, there is no survey available that can evaluate the degree of anxiety, because there is no clear differentiation between safety and discontent or only the safety is considered in both survey questions and answer options.
98.5% of the population in Korea are internet users, including mobile internet usage. 78.5% of the population above the age of 6 years old are smartphone users. Thus, SNS has become a communication platform to discuss social issues as the number of smartphone and SNS users has grown. Therefore, SNS can potentially be used for the government to respond effectively to the social unrest in food safety.
SNS data analysis results of consumer anxiety can overcome the limitations that the current food safety survey questions and the answer options have. Another advantage is that the emotions, sentiments and trends at that time can be identified via SNS messages.
As a communication strategy, food related issues that have been raised over the past few years, such as Fukushima nuclear plant incidence, were analyzed based on the monitoring results of public food safety anxiety portrayed on SNS. 20 food safety related issues were selected and analyzed by a group of experts, with a hypothesis that public unrest over food safety leads to social tension and cost. The relationship between the importance of the issue, which was rated by the expert group, and the publications of the Ministry of Food and Drug Safety (MFDS) and Twitter posts was evaluated. The result of this analysis showed that the importance of food safety issues related to radiation exposures in Japan was significantly higher than other issues with the fastest news spread rate, indicating that it is a very important issue, which is expected to have a substantial long-term effect on public health. This shows how the public’s opinion about the food safety issue is reflected on SNS. Therefore, it has been concluded that it is important to understand the public awareness that has been publicized on SNS prior to establishing food safety related communication policies.
The following implications are proposed to establish realistic and effective food safety policy and communication strategy using SNS analysis.
First, the SNS analysis model can be used as a prevention measure when real-time public anxiety level motoring is necessary in addition to the existing survey system.
Second, more than 90% of the consumers in their 20s and 30s are internet users and they share information and their anxieties through internet media instead of conventional media such as TV or newspapers, SNS analysis model is applicable for the communication with the population in this age group.
Third, the existing survey system should still be utilized along with the SNS analysis to avoid the exclusion of low-income populations or the age group that has less access to the internet.
목차
Abstract 1
요 약 5
제1장 서 론 11
제1절 연구 배경 및 목적 13
제2절 연구 내용 19
제3절 연구 방법 20
제4절 연구결과의 활용 24
제2장 식품안전에 대한 인식 동향 25
제1절 안전, 위험, 불안에 대한 이론적 고찰 27
제2절 식품에 대한 안전과 불안 30
제3절 식품 관련 인식조사 통계 현황 32
제3장 정보전달매체와 커뮤니케이션 45
제1절 정보전달매체의 현황 47
제2절 인터넷 등 신종 매체 현황 48
제3절 소셜네트워킹서비스(SNS)와 활용 59
제4절 SNS를 활용한 식품안전정보전달 63
제4장 식품안전 관련 소셜빅데이터 수집 및 국민 인식 분석 67
제1절 식품안전 관련 소셜빅데이터 분석 69
제2절 식품안전 관련 소셜빅데이터 기초분석 70
제3절 SNS를 활용한 식품안전체감도 심층 분석 85
제5장 SNS를 활용한 커뮤니케이션 전략 103
제1절 SNS를 활용한 식품안전 부정/불안 인식분석 105
제2절 식품안전 전문가와 일반 국민의 인식 비교 111
제3절 신속감지 적시대응 도구 개발 구상 116
제6장 결론 및 정책 제언 127
제1절 결론 129
제2절 정책제언 133
참고문헌 137
부 록 143
부록 1. 우리나라 식품 관련 통계 현황 143
부록 2. 식품안전 관련 인식도 조사별 특성 157
보고서 번호
연구보고서 2015-30-2
ISBN
978-89-6827-284-4
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