Analysis of the Impact of Decreasing Labor and Growing Income Polarization on Economic Growth

제목
Analysis of the Impact of Decreasing Labor and Growing Income Polarization on Economic Growth
저자

Jongwook Won; Insu Chang

키워드
노동력 감소; 경제성장
발행연도
2015
발행기관
한국보건사회연구원
초록
As Korea's changing demographic structure is expected to exert diverse and far-reaching ripple effects throughout the country's society and economy like Korea's declining birth rate and the increasing aging population affect the quantity of its economically active population.
This study aims to examine how the changes in the demographic structure and the growing polarization in income levels interact with each other and affect economic growth.
In the result of this study suggests that the qualitative improvement in the country's human capital can help offset the decreasing quantity of labor.
목차
CHAPTER 1
Contents
Background 1

CHAPTER 2
Literature Review: Theories of Economic Growth 5
1. Solow’s growth model 7
2. Estimating TFP 10
3. Literature on economic growth in Korea 12

CHAPTER 3
Input Factors for Economic Growth Rate Decomposition 25
1. Gross domestic product (GDP) 27
2. Quantitative input factors 27
3. Qualitative input factors 32
4. Factor income share ratios 37

CHAPTER 4
Decomposition of Economic Growth, 1990-2010 39
1. Primal decomposition 41
2. Dual decomposition 42
3. Different education spending of income quantiles and wage polarization 44

CHAPTER 5
Long-term Growth Projections Using the Dual Method (2011 to 2050) 49
1. LTPNP’s rates of increase in economic growth and TFP 52
2. Long-term TFP projections using the dual method 53
3. Growth accounting predictions (2011-2050) 61

CHAPTER 6
Conclusion: Substitution Effect of the Quality and Quantity of Labor 65

References 73
보고서 번호
Working Paper 2015-01
ISBN
978-89-6827-242-4
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