Yoon-Jeong Shin; Min Young Song; Sang-Wook Kim; Chunhua Ma; Rokuro Tabuchi; Yap Mui Teng; Paul Yip; Sureeporn Punpuing; Dang Nguyen Anh
Fertility; Family; Family policy; East Asia; Population
This study discusses the ways to enhance the contents and quality of the “OECD KOREA Policy Centre-KIHASA Family database,” which the series of this project have compiled for Korea, China, Japan, Singapore, Hong-Kong China, Thailand and Vietnam. Based on the results from the previous comparative works, it analyzed special demographic issues such as fertility, changes in family, and family policy in these Asian settings. The results show that it is necessary to complement missing data and evaluate regularly the quality of data in the dataset. The studies on Hong-Kong and Japan show that efforts should be made to enhance fertility intention as well as actual fertility rates in these countries. Changes in family structure of China, Thailand, and Vietnam indicate that inclusive social policy dealing with the changes in family is needed. The study on Singapore shows that fertility rates of citizens should be maintained at reasonable levels and the immigration policy should be carefully adopted with consideration of its possible effects on its society. Experience of Korean childcare policy implies that balanced supports are necessary to derive effective family policy. Even the universal support for childcare service that were achieved in Korea, still remain up for debate in terms of equity and efficiency perspectives.
Abstract 1 Summary 3 Chapter 1. Introduction 7 1. Background and Purpose 9 2. Contents and Methods 15 Chapter 2. Family Database in East Asian Regions 21 1. Introduction 23 2. Characterization of Problems and Method of Evaluation 31 3. Results of the Evaluation 42 4. Discussions and Conclusions 52 Chapter 3. Discrepancy of the Ideal and Actual Parity among Hong Kong Married Women 59 1. Introduction 61 2. Data and Methods 68 3. Results 72 4. Discussions and Conclusions 82 Chapter 4. Determinants of Fertility Intentions among Young Adults in Japan 87 1. Introduction 89 2. Research Hypotheses and Method 95 3. Results 101 4. Discussions and Conclusions 112 Chapter 5. Intergenerational Solidarity of Adult Child-Parent and Social Class in Urban Areas of China 115 1. Introduction 117 2. Theoretical Paradigm and Literature Review 120 3. Data and Method 130 4. Results 138 5. Discussions and Conclusions 150 Chapter 6. Single Parent Family in Thailand:Putting it in Empowering Context 153 1. Introduction 155 2. Theoretical Paradigm and Literature Review 157 3. Data and Method 160 4. Results 161 5. Discussions and Conclusions 179 Chapter 7. Family Changes in Vietnam:Characteristics and Policy Implications 185 1. Socioeconomic Context of the Family Changes 187 2. Characteristics of Family Changes 194 3. Impact of the Changes on Vietnamese Families 208 4. Discussions and Conclusions 212 Chapter 8. Population and Development in Singapore 215 1. Introduction 217 2. National Development and Population Policies in Singapore 218 3. National Development and Population Indicators 240 4. Reaping the Demographic Dividend amidst Rapid Demographic Transition 246 5. Future Policy Directions and Discussions 250 Chapter 9. Expansion of Childcare Policy in Korea 255 1. Introduction 257 2. Development of Childcare Policy in Korea 261 3. Results of the Expansion of Childcare Policy 270 4. Recent Debates and Discussions 279 Chapter 10. Conclusions 287 1. Implication of the Results 289 2. Future Challenges 298 Bibliography 303 Appendix 333