식품분야 규제정책의 변화와 향후 식품안전 관리 강화를 위한 규제합리화

제목
식품분야 규제정책의 변화와 향후 식품안전 관리 강화를 위한 규제합리화
Regulatory Policy Changes in Food Sector and Rationalization of Food Safety Regulations for Enhanced Food Safety Management
저자

정기혜; 김어지나; 김동우; 조주연; 김동영; 정병규

키워드
식품안전; 규제정책; 규제합리화; 규제개선
발행연도
2013
초록
□ 우리나라 규제정책의 변화 분석
□ 유럽의 규제 정책에 대한 고찰
□ 기존 개선된 규제에 의해 나타난 영향 파악
□ 기존 개선된 규제에 대한 관련자 인식 파악
□ 식품규제 정책 변화 및 합리화에 대한 FGI 실시
□ 주요 식품규제사안별 합리화 방안 모색{기대효과}
- 기존 규제 개선 정책의 영향 평가
- 식품분야 규제 합리화 방안 모색
- 식품분야 규제합리화 항목 도출
- 식품분야 규제합리화를 위한 항목별 개정안 마련
- 유럽의 규제정책 현황 및 방향성 파악
- 주요 식품기준규격 설정에 대한 CODEX 현황 파악

The purpose of this study is to analyze the history of regulatory policy changes in food safety sector with enactment and amendment status of laws, enforcement ordinances, and enforcement regulations and to propose the appropriate direction of regulatory policy for enhanced food safety management.
Regulation is defined in two ways. First, regulation in a narrow sense is a government interference in the market mechanism. Second, regulation in a broad sense is not limited to the economic area, but connotes overall government interventions for the maintenance of social order. With budget and administrative organization, regulation is counted as a role of "Hidden tax."
Regulation can be classified according to characteristics and standard of regulation registration. Classifications of regulation by characteristics are economic regulations (2,695 cases), social regulations (2,302 cases), and administrative regulations (1,955 cases). Also, regulations divided by standard of regulation registration are main regulations and subordinate regulations.
Total 202 cases of enactment and amendment of Food Sanitation Law has been made from its first enactment in 1962 to the first half year of 2013. Until 1998, continuous regulations and establishment of new regulations were mainstream than deregulation or abolition. After enforcement of total emission regulation, which abolished 50% of existed regulations, by Kim, Dae-Jung Government, food safety regulation had been weakened with such as abolition of regulations. Also, base of food safety management had been weakened as well. Since then, enhancing and establishing regulations have been leaded as the main trend to cope with enhancing food safety management, harmonizing international standards, and expanding food safety management area. Especially, under the "National Happiness" which is a national keynote by present government, enhancing and establishing regulations are expected in priority in food regulatory rationalization for eradication of unsanitary food.
According to investigation of perception on food regulatory, complaints on frequent establishment and amendment of law showed 3.82 points out of 5 points.
Establishing and enhancing the regulatory have been used for government policy instrument. Since food safety has become a new social risk, the importance of food regulatory is growing fast. Therefore, it is right time to promote enhanced regulatory policy in food safety. Rationalization of regulations including enhancing safety regulations and mitigating or abolishing regulation procedure in food safety sector is needed.
목차
Abstract 1
요 약 5
제1장 서론 13
제1절 연구의 배경 및 목적 13
제2절 연구의 내용 및 방법 16
제2장 우리나라 규제개선 정책 현황 23
제1절 규제에 대한 이론적 고찰 23
제2절 우리나라 규제개선 추진체계와 성과27
제3절 우리나라 규제정책 동향과 변화 추이 38
제4절 외국의 규제개혁 동향 42
제3장 식품분야 규제개선 동향 및 관리 방향 49
제1절 식품규제 현황 및 특성 49
제2절 식품분야 규제개혁 추진 현황 60
제3절 식품안전 분야의 규제개선 방향 63
제4장 식품안전규제 개선내용 분석 69
제1절 식품안전 법령 체계 69
제2절 식품안전법령 규제개선 현황 72
제5장 식품안전관리 합리화를 위한 향후 규제개선 방향 97
제1절 현황 및 문제점 97
제2절 식품규제 개선에 대한 인식 101
제3절 현 정부의 규제개선 방향 105
제6장 결론 및 정책제언 111
제1절 결론 111
제2절 정책제언 112
참고문헌 115
부 록 117
부록 1. 식품위생법 규제개선 내용(2000년 이후) 117
부록 2. 식품위생법 시행령 개정내용 137
보고서 번호
연구보고서 2013-05
ISBN
978-89-6827-036-9
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