출산(fertility); 피임(contraception); 가족보건(family health); 양육비(child care expenditure); 가족복지(family welfare)
출산 및 임신, 피임실태, 모자보건, 가족가치관, 자녀양육, 가족 생활 등에 관한 최근의 추세를 파악하여 인구자질 및 복지정책의 효율성을 증대시키고 인구보건복지분야의 정책수립에 필요한 기초자료 제공
This study is the 22nd and latest in the series of the National Survey on Fertility, Family Health and Welfare, which started in 1964 with a view to contributing to informed policymaking by means of an up-to-date understanding of a wide range of variables that are associated directly or indirectly with marriage, childbirth, child rearing, support for parents, and family health. The findings of this study include the following. First, there has been a slight gain, first time in many years, in the importance of marriage in the public perception. Still, however, most of the Koreans who choose to marry late or not to marry at all do so largely because they have ??no stable job?? or ??cannot afford to marry and have a family.?? Second, having children for a growing number of Koreans has become a mere option, not a necessity. The ideal number of children for married women aged between 15 and 44 was 2.2, while the actual number of children they have on average was 1.6. In the same group, 76.6% responded that they would have no more children. T he rate of pregnancy wastage for the same group declined to 22.4% from 29.0% and 25.8% in 2006 and 2009, respectively. Of particular significance was that there was a marked reduction in the number of induced abortions. Fourth, the overall rate of breastfeeding declined somewhat from what it was in 2009, whereas the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd weeks postpartum increased to 26.7%, 53.0% and 59.1%, respectively. Fifth, ??family health?? (44.4%) and ??family stability?? (41.7%) were the conditions that Koreans consider most important for their families. In comparison, such other factors as ??success??, ??power??, ??wealth,?? ??filial piety?? are considered much less important in keeping the family happy. Sixth, Korean families spends a monthly average amount of KW1.19 million on children, an increase from KW0.75 million, KW0.91 million and KW1.01 million in 2003, 2006 and 2009, respectively. Seventh, Korean men and women are found to have spent KW75.5 million and KW5.23 million on average on their marriage, an increase from KW73 million for men and KW32.6 million for women in 2009.
[제1부: 서론부] 제1장 서론 33 제1절 연구의 필요성 및 목적 33 제2절 연구의 내용 및 방법 37 제3절 표본설계 개요 53 제4절 통계해석시 유의사항 60
제2장 조사완료 가구 및 가구주의 제 특성 65 제1절 조사완료 가구 및 가구주의 일반특성 65 제2절 조사완료가구의 경제적 특성 68 제3절 조사완료가구의 사회적 특성 84 제4절 시사점 91
[제2부: 결혼‧임신‧출산] 제3장 혼인가치관과 결혼‧가족에 대한 태도 97 제1절 개요 97 제2절 혼인가치관의 변화 102 제3절 결혼과 가족에 대한 태도 116 제4절 시사점 130